The Open Banking Implementation Entity (the ‘OBIE’), the body created by the UK’s largest personal and small business current account providers to create a better way to move, manage and make more of your money, has confirmed that the UK will be the first nation to launch Open Banking when its service goes live in early 2018.
Open Banking is a term that describes a secure set of technologies and standards that allow customers to give companies other than their bank or building society permission to securely access their accounts. This means customers can, if they choose, easily use services from a range of different types of regulated companies without the need to share credentials with any third parties. They may, for example, choose to aggregate a view of all of their accounts through one provider or allow a company to analyse their account data to offer automated budgeting advice or cheaper overdrafts.
Every company using Open Banking to deliver their services has to be authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) or another European Regulator. Open Banking runs on a well-established communications technology called Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and is designed with customer security foremost in mind.
The OBIE was created by the UK’s nine largest personal and small business current account providers (the ‘CMA9’) in 2016, after an inquiry by the Competition and Markets Authority (the ‘CMA’) determined that Open Banking could bring new competition and innovation to an industry it felt needed shaking up.
“The goal of the UK’s Open Banking initiative is to allow consumers and small businesses the option to securely and safely make the most of their financial data. In time, Open Banking will give consumers and small businesses more choice, better services and cheaper products.
“The work we are doing here is genuinely world-leading. The UK is the first nation to implement a standardised Open Banking solution. In the UK we are creating a single technology standard enabling new services to be easily built and offered to consumers and small businesses. Open Banking will help make Britain one of the best places in the world to bank and will, in time, stimulate the digital economy.
“While the UK is leading the way, we are incredibly excited at the opportunities created by working with peers around the world, and in Europe in particular. We are in active discussions with several groups seeking to build standards and we look forward to that work bearing fruit in 2018.
“The first set of Open Banking APIs will go live to third party providers on 13 January. This is the culmination of a huge amount of collaborative work done by the UK’s largest banks and building societies, the OBIE, and companies from across the technology and financial services sectors. It’s an extraordinary achievement which, in time, could fundamentally change how we manage our money.”
In order to ensure that Open Banking is introduced to the market smoothly, the launch of Open Banking will be carefully managed. For the first six weeks, the companies offering Open Banking services will be asked to limit the number of instructions processed and only make it available to a small group of selected customers. This enables authorised third parties to be sure that their products and services are working as intended and for banks and building societies to be certain that they can manage volumes appropriately.
All of the CMA9 have different systems and ways of keeping information. While Open Banking will launch on the date specified by the CMA, some institutions will need more time in order to complete preparations for making Open Banking available to all of their personal and small business current account customers. The CMA has today issued directions to those of the CMA9 that need additional time. These directions will enable the banks to implement Open Banking for all their customers as soon as possible, bringing them into compliance with the Retail Banking Market Investigation Order, according to a plan approved by the CMA.
Open Banking will be available to the overwhelming majority of personal and small business current accounts covered by the Order in time for its release to the open market at the end of the managed roll out. The CMA directions can be viewed here.
“Our industry has offered services that let customers – around two million at the last count – give our member firms direct access to their accounts for several years. However, the method we have had to use, which literally ‘reads’ customers’ online banking screens, has never been what we would have chosen. We are enthusiastic about the potential of Open Banking, which provides a direct feed into and out of accounts using tried and tested and highly secure standardised communications technologies.
“There is a lot of work still to do to bring the full benefits of Open Banking to UK consumers and businesses, and we now need to work closely with colleagues in Europe to align this solution to the standards being worked on there, but this is a momentous milestone.”
“After this unprecedented collaboration between industry participants, we are on the cusp of implementing a truly ground-breaking ecosystem, one that will see myriad new business models coming to market in a fully regulated environment. The benefits that will arise for both retail and business consumers will be numerous, and it is the duty of all actors to ensure trust and security remain at the heart of both emerging and established services.
“Accordingly, members welcome the “managed start” approach and will concentrate in the formative weeks on supporting the phased and controlled release of the various banks’ APIs. Adopting this method will ensure that the UK establishes a robust system for the rest of the world to learn from.”
“The UK is paving the way globally with Open Banking and it will be hugely rewarding to see the full benefits of this project unfold over the coming months. Open Banking will not only revitalise innovation and competition in this crucial sector, it will revolutionise banking for small businesses and retail customers – allowing them to more easily manage their money and find the best deal for their needs.”
While the initial launch of Open Banking in the UK covers personal and small business accounts – as mandated by the CMA in 2016 – the Chancellor of the Exchequer’s November Budget announced that the CMA9 have committed to extending the Open Banking standards to cover all products with payments capability such as credit cards and e-wallets throughout the course of 2018 and 2019 (in alignment with PSD2).
Open Banking is a new, secure way for customers to take control of their financial data and share it with organisations other than their banks. Open Banking has the power to revolutionise the way we move, manage and make more of our money. For businesses, it is about making the management of cashflow and receiving payments cheaper and easier. Open Banking will make things simpler, faster and more convenient.
Open Banking follows the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) investigation into the supply of personal current accounts (PCAs) and of banking services to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
Open Banking was created to enable innovation, transparency and competition in UK financial services. It is tasked with delivering the Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), data structures and security architectures that will enable developers to harness technology, making it easy and safe for individuals and SMEs to share the financial information held by their banks with third parties.
Open Banking will bring substantial benefits. It gives customers and SMEs greater market choice and greater control over their money and associated data, along with better and easier access to new financial services providers in a secure environment.
1. Open Banking Ltd was set up by the Competition & Markets Authority (CMA) in September 2016 to fulfil one of the remedies mandated by the CMA following an investigation into UK retail banking.
2. The CMA’s investigation into the retail banking market (whose findings were published in August 2016) concluded that older and larger banks do not compete hard enough for customers’ business and that Open Banking should deliver a new, secure option for customers to be able to compare the deal they are getting from their bank.
3. Open Banking was created to enable innovation, transparency and competition to UK financial services. It is tasked with delivering the Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), data structures and security architectures that will make it easy and safe for customers to share their financial records by January 2018.
4. The data provided by Open Banking will enable developers to harness technology that allows individuals and businesses to share their financial records held by their banks with third parties.
5. Open Banking is a private body; its governance, composition and budget was determined by the CMA. It is funded by the UK’s nine largest current account providers and overseen by the CMA, the Financial Conduct Authority and Her Majesty’s Treasury.
6. The 9 mandated institutions (referred to as the CMA9) are: Barclays plc, Lloyds Banking Group plc, Santander, Danske, HSBC, RBS, Bank of Ireland, Nationwide and AIBG.
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